What Apple Pencil works with iPad Pro 2021?
What Apple Pencil works with iPad Pro 2021?
Apple Pencil 2
Will there be a new Apple Pencil 2022?
Apple Pencil Type C
Does iPad 6 come with pencil?
Apple’s latest tablet is the sixth generation of its 9.7-inch iPad. The big news with this model is that comes with Apple Pencil support!
What will Apple release in 2022?
The most anticipated Mac of 2022 is the MacBook Air, which is rumored to get a massive redesign for the first time in years. A new form factor with iMac-like colors, a white keyboard, and skinny bezels are rumored for the new machine, which looks to be something of an iBook revival.
Does iPad 6th Gen come with pencil?
Will there be a new Apple Pencil soon?
According to photos provided by Twitter leaker Mr White, the iPad Pro 2021 will have an option of the Apple Pencil pictured below. There are a few minor changes you can expect from this stylus, but you may not spot them when you first look at the photo.Dec 3, 2021
Can Apple Pencil work with iPad 2021?
First-generation Apple Pencil The original Apple Pencil, which charges using a Lightning connector, works with these iPads: iPad (sixth, seventh, eighth, and ninth generations; released in 2018, 2019, 2020, and 2021) iPad Pro 9.7-inch (released in 2016) iPad Pro 10.5-inch (released in 2017)10-Mar-2022
Is the 2021 iPad compatible with Apple Pencil?
Only the latest and greatest Unfortunately, if you are looking to use an Apple Pencil with your new iPad Pro (2021), the Apple Pencil 2 is your only choice. In fact, the Apple Pencil 2 will work with any 11-inch iPad Pro, the third generation and above 12.9-inch iPad Pro, and the iPad Air 4.
Do you get a free Apple Pencil with iPad?
The Apple Pencil needs to bought separately but on this occasion, the iPad 6 purchase will let you have it for free, which is a terrific deal if you want to upgrade.
Does iPad 6th generation have pencil?
You can use Apple Pencil (1st generation) with these iPad models: iPad mini (5th generation) iPad (6th generation and later) iPad Air (3rd generation)
Is Apple releasing a new iPhone in 2022?
Apple will launch a total of four flagship iPhones in 2022, and the iPhone 14 Pro models will be sold alongside more affordable iPhone 14 and iPhone 14 Max devices.2 days ago
Will there be an Apple Pencil 3?
“Apple Pencil 3” Rumors No technologies have leaked, but some speculate the “Apple Pencil 3” could come in different color options or at least a black option. Apple hasn’t shied away from colors in its recent products with a colorful iPad Air 4iPad Air 4The display has a 2360 x 1640 resolution, with 3.8 million pixels. It also has full lamination, p3 wide color, True Tone, and an anti-reflective coating. The laminated display means that content appears close to the screen, so it feels more natural when writing with the Pencil.https://appleinsider.com › inside › ipad-air-4iPad Air 4 | Release Date, Features, Specs, Prices – AppleInsider and iPhone 12 lineup.
Does iPad include pencil?
Apple in 2015 unveiled the first iPad Pro, which came with an optional stylus called the Apple Pencil. Former Apple CEO Steve Jobs was famously against styluses, but the Apple Pencil has proven to be a useful tool for note taking, sketching, and more.
Can you use old Apple Pencil with new iPad?
In summary, the Apple Pencil models are not interchangeable – and can only be used with the iPad that has appropriate internal hardware.Feb 5, 2021
Will there be a new iPad in 2022?
Apple iPadView 2+ more
New Apple Pencil 3 Release Date, Price and Specs: Latest
Admittedly, this is hardly an extensive form book to go on, but if Apple sticks to its previous pattern, we can expect to see the third-gen Apple Pencil in November 2021. Rumour suggest there is
Apple Pencil 3: Everything We Know – MacRumors
Apple is rumored to be working on a third-generation version of the Apple Pencil, which could perhaps be introduced and sold alongside new iPad models that are set to launch in 2021. We have a
Apple Pencil 3rd gen for new iPad Pro 2021 leaks before
We’re also curious how long Apple will now continue with the first generation model, which works with the iPad 10.2-inch (2020) and the iPad mini (2019) – those models will need to be replaced with
Apple May Reveal New-Look Apple Pencil 3 For iPad Pro This
Apple The next Apple special event is on Tuesday, April 20 at 10AM Pacific. It’s a racing certainty that new iPad Pro models will be unveiled, perhaps the biggest-ever update to the tablet, with
Apple Pencil 3rd Generation: Let's talk about the new
Apple Pencil 3rd Generation was one of the most anticipated tools that should have arrived with the M1 2021 iPad Pro models. Recent revelation now suggest th
Apple Pencil | Release Dates, Features, Prices
Just in time for the release of the new M1 iPad Pro, Amazon-owned Woot is dropping the price of the Apple Pencil 2 to $109.99 with free shipping for Prime members. By Christine McKee | 10 months ago
Apple Pencil 3rd generation | MacRumors Forums
May 2, 2021 306 236 #2 Yeah, I’d say a 3rd generation Apple Pencil is going to come this year too, but maybe with even more improvements. DeepIn2U macrumors G4 10,903
It's a shame the new iPad Pro 2021 won't have this – T3
published Apple announced its new iPad Pro (2021) last week, along with the Apple iMac 24-inch (M1, 2021) and Apple AirTags, but there was one thing we expected from the announcement
Here's what's next for Apple after an exciting spring
Here’s everything we expect Apple to release in 2022 and our best guesses as to when they’ll arrive. Already released iPhone SE (3rd generation) iPad Air (5th generation) Mac Studio (1st
iPad Air (3rd generation) – Wikipedia
iPad Air (3rd generation) Not to be confused with iPad (3rd generation) or iPad mini 3. 30.2 W·h, up to 10 hours of battery life. The iPad Air (3rd generation) (colloquially referred to as iPad Air 3) is a tablet computer developed, and marketed by Apple Inc. It was announced and released on , alongside the 5th-generation iPad Mini.
Apple Pencil 3 2021 ? : ipad – reddit
I’ve read a lot of speculation about the Apple Pencil 3 on the internet? The pen has not yet been presented. Do you think it will still appear in 2021? I bought the new Ipad and would not like to buy the current pen when the Apple Pencil 3 is available soon .. 26 comments 81% Upvoted Log in or sign up to leave a comment Log In Sign Up Sort by: best
The Apple Pencil 3 Is Coming | Latest Rumors, Features and
Apple Pencil 3 Release Date and Price Although we don’t know when Apple will release the Apple Pencil 3, we have a couple of guesses – like at the next Apple event, whenever that’s happening. Just
Apple April Event 2021: Apple Pencil 3 exposed – 3rd
Apple April Event 2021 – Beside the new iPad Pro models, one of the products that could be showcased will be Apple Pencil 3.Apple Pencil 3rd generation featu
Apple Pencil – Wikipedia
On , Apple announced an updated Pencil alongside the third generation iPad Pro. It is similar in design and specifications to the first model, but without the detachable connector, and part of the stylus is flattened to inhibit rolling. It contains tap-sensitive zones on its sides that can be mapped to functions within apps.
iPad Pro 2021's Apple Pencil accessory leaked, and it's
There are a few minor changes you can expect from this stylus, but you may not spot them when you first look at the photo. New Apple Pencil pic.twitter.com/CWGQrkU2Yn March 3, 2021 See more Unlike
The best Apple Pencil alternatives in 2022 – Tom's Guide
If you have a regular iPad, that doesn’t support that Apple Pencil, the 1st Gen Apple Pencil is $89 at Amazon (opens in new tab) (down $10). Walmart (opens in new tab) is matching that price.
Apple Pencil 3? : ipad
Apple Pencil 3? Just got an 11″ iPad Pro, and I’m wondering if I should get a Pencil V2 now or wait and see if they release a new one. I’m also up for alternatives, but as of now I’d prefer the apple option.
Apple Pencil 3 – MacRumors Forums
macrumors 601. Aug 6, 2008. 4,158. 4,449. Canada. . #5. Unless there’s some technical limitation that prevents an AP2 from working with a micro LED display in the rumoured next iPad Pro, I don’t see an Pencil 3 in the near future.
Best Apple Pencil alternatives 2022: what stylus is for
5. Adonit. Jot Pro 3. 6. AWAVO. Stylus Pencil. (Image credit: Wacom, Logitech) The Apple Pencil is a lovely thing for scribbling and sketching, annotating and illustrating. Whether you’re
Everything announced at today's Apple Event: iPhone 13
In addition to the new hardware, Apple today announced that it will release its next round of software updates, including iOS 15, watchOS 8, and iPadOS 15, on Monday, September 20. The company also
More Intelligent Apple Pencil 3 Could Release With
The Cupertino company Apple first introduced the Apple Pencil to consumers in Sept. 2015 along with the iPad Pro. The device is a wireless stylus pen accessory for use with supported iPad tablet.
Leaked Image Offers First Glimpse of Possible Apple Pencil 3
Apple may be gearing up to release a new Apple Pencil stylus with the next-gen iPad Pro it is rumored to be releasing as early as this month. On Twitter, an Apple leaker called Mr White has posted an image of what he (they?) claim is the new Apple Pencil, the third model that Apple would have released to date.
Apple unveils new iPad Pro with M1 chip and stunning
The new Liquid Retina XDR display brings the stunning front-of-screen performance of the Pro Display XDR to the 12.9-inch iPad Pro. Engineered with a new cutting-edge mini-LED design that uses over 10,000 LEDs across the entire back of the display, the Liquid Retina XDR display features up to 1000 nits of full-screen brightness, 1600 nits of peak brightness, and a phenomenal 1 million-to-1
New Apple products launching in 2022
A new Apple Pencil could also be announced alongside the next-generation iPad Pro. AirPods Pro 2. It’s been over two years since Apple first launched the AirPods Pro and they are due for an update. Most likely coming next year, the second-generation AirPods Pro won’t be stemless but could include a skin-detect sensor as seen in the
iPad Air 3 | Release Dates, Features, Specs, Prices
The iPad Air 3 was Apple’s reboot of the iPad Air line, which it had discontinued in early 2016 after the iPad Pro 9.7 launch. Apple appears to be sticking with this brand name as its mid-ranged
Next Apple Pencil Could Be Released in Black – MacRumors
Apple also already refreshed the 11 and 12.9-inch iPad Pro models in March of 2020, so it seems unlikely that we’re going to see a new Apple Pencil at any point in 2020.
Apple Pencil – Apple
Apple Pencil sets the standard for how drawing, note‑taking, and marking up documents should feel — intuitive, precise, and magical. All with imperceptible lag, pixel‑perfect precision, tilt and pressure sensitivity, and support for palm rejection. Incredibly easy to use and ready when inspiration strikes. for your iPad.
AirPods 3 Could Be Apple's Surprise Announcement, But
Apple’s AirPods 3 could be with us soon. Rumors have been very contradictory in the last few months, but a new report hints that they will be announced, but may not actually land until later in
AirPods 3 Release Date is close! Here's what you'll get to
AirPods 3 Release date. Apple will announce the third generation of its iconic AirPods on Tuesday, May 18, according to a YouTuber Luke Miani. Miani adds that AirPods 3 could very well launch alongside Apple Music HiFi in a statement provided to AppleTrack. Which doesn’t have a great track record when it comes to Apple rumors and Leak.
Every Apple product launching in fall 2021 | Macworld
Apple Pencil (3rd generation) It seems strange that Apple would release a new iPad Pro with an M1 processor and eye-popping display but not have a new Apple Pencil to go with it.
Apple Pencil 3 and AirPods 3 nearing launch – GSMArena.com
Apple Headphones Accessories Rumors. According to rumors circulating Chinese social media portal Weibo, Apple’s AirPods 3 and Apple Pencil 3 are nearing their launch. With Apple’s Spring
iPad Pro 2021 leak reveals new Apple Pencil design | Tom's
An image of a new Apple Pencil surfaced today (March 3) from Singapore-based Twitter user Mr. White (opens in new tab), and it looks more like the original Apple Pencil than we would have expected
Apple Pencil 3 leaked photo shows redesigned tip | Laptop Mag
Apple last released a redesigned Apple Pencil in 2018, which featured a new matte finish and a handful of other improvements. We’ve been expecting some improvements to the Pencil for some time now
Apple Pencil 3: Advanced Features In The Works
Apple Pencil 3: Advanced Features In The Works. Apple currently has the patent that could be a feature for the next Apple Pencil 3. It involves a magnet technology for a more physical feel with
Apple Pencil with iPhone 12 Pro Max Compa… – Apple Community
Mrokcratron. User level: Level 2. (399 points) Nov 1, 2020 1:41 PM in response to Username0101 In response to Username0101. So as you know, as of today, there is no Apple Pencil support for any iPhones. However, there’s a lot of 100% unofficial buzz about a new black one coming out for the iPhone 12. More Less.
Airpods 3 leaks: new Apple AirPods cost, features and
Airpods 3 release date & features leaks A report in Forbes suggests that a mysterious Apple tipster Uncle Pan released an image of the redesigned buds. The media portal claims that the images were dropped on Weibo.com. Reportedly, the tipster claims that the new AirPods are ready for release and shall release at the Apple event in April 2021.
iPad Pro, 11-inch (3rd generation) – Technical – Apple
Supports Apple Pencil (2nd generation) The 11-inch iPad Pro display has rounded corners that follow a beautiful curved design, and these corners are within a standard rectangle. When measured as a standard rectangular shape, the screen is 11 inches diagonally (actual viewable area is less).
(ลือ) อาจมี Apple Pencil 3 เปิดตัวคู่ iPad Pro ใหม่ด้วย
Apple Pencil 3. รายงานนี้มาจากผู้ใช้ Weibo ชื่อ “Uncle Pan Pan” ที่เคยแชร์ภาพเคส iPhone ชุด Spring Collection ที่คาดว่าจะมาในช่วงเดือนนี้ เผยว่าเราจะได้เห็น Apple Pencil 3 เปิดตัวด้วย
The release date of Apple's first foldable iPhone might've
A new rumor says Apple will release its first foldable iPhone in 2023. The handset will reportedly feature a 7.3-inch to 7.6-inch OLED display and Apple Pencil support. Recent reports said that
Ipad Air 3 Release Date Will Be March 18, According to a
The device could also include updated Smart Keyboards and offer Apple Pencil support. Apple is said to be aiming at “rejuvenating” its iPad sales with the release of its latest iteration of the iPad line. Similar to the iPad Air 3, the iPhone 5se will also reportedly be powered by an A9 chip and have improved cameras.
Apple unveils new iPad mini with breakthrough performance
Apple Pencil (2nd generation) turns iPad mini into a digital journal and sketchbook users can take anywhere. With wireless charging and pairing, and support for double tap, Apple Pencil delivers pixel-perfect precision and industry-leading low latency, making writing as easy and natural as pen and paper.
Possible iPhone 13/Pro 5G and AirPods 3 announcement and
iPhone 13 pre-order date — September 17. iPhone 13 release date — September 24. Apple is expected to introduce its new AirPods 3 product alongside the 5G iPhone 13 series, though today’s screenshot suggests it’ll be available a little later. Specifically, September 30 is tipped as the AirPods 3 launch date.
iPad Air 3 release date, specs rumors: Concept video shows
The device also supports Apple Pencil and has a 3D Touch display. The concept also imagines the Air 3 to have a Smart Connector and a great set of speakers. iPad Pro 2 release date, specs news
Apple Pencil – Technical Specification
Overview. Apple Pencil expands the power of iPad and opens up new creative possibilities. It’s sensitive to pressure and tilt so you can easily vary line weight, create subtle shading and produce a wide range of artistic effects — just like a conventional pencil, but with pixel-perfect precision.
Rò rỉ video thực tế Apple Pencil 3 sắp ra mắt – Fptshop.com.vn
Một video được cho là Apple Pencil 3 sắp ra mắt của Apple đã xuất hiện trên mạng trước khi sản phẩm này ra mắt vào ngày 20/4 tới. Apple sẽ tổ chức một sự kiện “Spring Loaded” vào thứ ba tới, nơi công ty dự kiến sẽ công bố một loạt các sản phẩm. Theo đó, “Táo
Apple AirPods 3 Malaysia release date | TechNave
Apple AirPods 3 to launch in September 2021 with iPhone 13 series. . The launch date for the Apple AirPods 3 has changed a few times in the last few months. Last year, analysts claimed that it will be mass-produced in early 2021 before launching soon after. It was then changed to May 2021, and now it’s expected to be a Q3 2021 launch.
AirPods 3: Release date, price, and everything we know | iMore
AirPods 3: Release date, price, and everything we know. Apple’s newest AirPods are here. Karen S Freeman. 18 Oct 2021. Source: Apple. Apple has announced the AirPods 3rd generation headphones. They will join Apple’s second-generation AirPods and AirPods Pro, which are some of the best true wireless earbuds available right now.
Report: Redesigned iPad mini 6 to feature larger 8.3-inch
Now, Ross Young at Display Supply Chain Consultants reports that the new iPad mini will feature an 8.3-inch display, up from the current 7.9-inch display. Last May, reliable Apple analyst Ming-Chi
iPad Air 3 Release Date and Latest Leaks – TNH Online
Regarding the hardware, the iPad Air 3 will supposedly come with the Apple Pencil support, the A9X chip, a 4-speaker audio system and many others. Most likely it will have a 9.7 inches screen with a 2048×1536 pixels resolution, which is a pixel density value of 264.
Apple To Release Next Pencil In Black Color – Insider Paper
Apple Pencil In Black Color. Not until now, we didn’t hear anything about the next iteration of the Apple Pencil, including its release date. The only rumor so far is that Apple is working on new versions (mini-LED) of the iPad Pro. As such, people believed the next generation Apple Pencil will make it alongside the upcoming new products.
Apple unveils new iPad Pro | how to buy | Radio Times
New iPad Pro release date: when to pre-order The new iPad Pro is available to buy now and will be fully available from the second half of May 2021. Buy the 11-inch iPad Pro for £749 £729.97 at
Apple announces updated iPad Air with M1 processor and 5G
Much of that redesign is still intact, but the new iPad Air model has been updated with a faster M1 processor, first seen in Apple’s Macs. It also supports 5G, and the USB-C port is up to twice
iPad Air 3 release date rumors: specs reported to include
iPad Air 3 release date rumors: specs reported to include Apple Pencil, Smart Connector and 7000 series aluminium. Charlene Mason 09 May 2016 | 6:57 PM. Pixabay. Apple’s WWDC is on the horizon and fans of the iPad Pro are hoping the annual event will include an announcement on a new iPad Air 3.
Apple 9.7-inch iPad Pro review: Superseded by the 10.5
The downside is that the 10.5-inch iPad Pro is considerably more expensive than the 9.7-inch iPad Pro was when it was available and will set you back £619 for the 64GB Wi-Fi model, with the Smart Keyboard costing a hefty £159 on top and the Apple Pencil an additional £99.
Apple iOS 9.3 Has Two Important Changes – Forbes
Since this loss of Apple Pencil functionality was not listed as a known bug in the iOS 9.3 beta release notes, concern rose and a plea on iMore to restore the lost functionality gained a lot of
AirPods 3 to iPad mini: Everything Apple didn't announce
Apple Pencil 3. We were hoping Apple to get a little peek at the third-generation Apple Pencil – after all, the second-gen stylus was launched three years back. There have been rumours that Apple may introduce a revamped version of the Apple Pencil alongside the updated iPad Pro, but any such device was absent from Tuesday’s media event.
Apple's iPhone 5se, iPad Air 3 Release Date Rumored For
Apple’s iPad Air 3 is expected to carry on the iPad Air 2 mantra of thinness and lightness while also gaining support for the Smart Connector as well as, potentially, the Apple Pencil. Personally I’ve had my eyes on the iPad Air 3 ever since Apple didn’t refresh the line at the end of 2015, so I can’t wait to see what the next iPad Air
iPad Air (2019) Release Date, Price, Features & Specs
Supports first Apple Pencil, but not second-gen; Release date. Apple quietly launched the iPad Air (2019) on 18 Mar 2019. There was no press event: the company simply closed its online store for a
New iPad Pro 2022: Price, Release Date, Specs, News, and
Past iPad Pro release dates don’t follow a hard schedule, so we can’t make a super accurate prediction. Going off the 2020 and 2021 iPads, we might estimate a 2022 release date, but DSCC’s Ross Young says we shouldn’t expect such a device this year. We’ll have a better idea once we know Apple’s event schedule for 2022.
iPad Air 3 Rumors: Design, Specs, Features, Release Date
Its touchscreen display will also be compatible with the Apple Pencil. The new Apple tablet is set to compete with Microsoft’s Windows 10-powered Surface 3 tablet, the report relays. In addition, the iPad Air 3 is rumored to come with a rear-LED flash to improve photos and videos taken in low-light environments.
New M1X MacBook Pro Leaks, Price, Specs, and Release Date
AirPods 3 Release Date, Leaks, Price, Design, Apple event, Battery Life. […] 6 items we didn’t see at Apple’s event on April 20). They are AirPods 3, iPad mini-6, Apple M1X chip, iPad 9, Apple Pencil 3, MacBook Pro […] Android 12 Beta 3 | Upcoming Changes and New Features.
iPad mini 6 pre-orders: why you should consider Apple's
iPad mini 6: release date. As rumours predicted, there’s no longer a home button, the iPad mini 6 supports the 2nd generation Apple Pencil, and there’s a USB-C port.
The iPad Air 5: Price, Release Date, Specs, and News
iPad Air 5 Price. Similar to the 4th-gen models, the iPad Air 5 ranges in price from $599 for the 64 GB version to $749 for the 256 GB model. Those prices are for Wi-Fi only; the Wi-Fi + Cellular version runs $749 for 64 GB and $899 for 256 GB.
Apple iPad Air 5 (2022): official release date, price and
Apple iPad Air 5 release date The iPad Air 5 (2022) will be available for pre-order from 11th March 2022 and will be released on 18th Match 2022. The new tablet was announced, as expected, during Apple’s 8th March ‘Peek’ Performance event, alongside the new iPhone SE 3, a new Mac Studio desktop computer and an intriguing Studio Display monitor.
Apple Watch 3 release date, rumours, price, features
Apple Watch 3 release date, rumours, price, features, design and everything you need to know. right now, we’d tentatively pencil September 2017 into your diary.
Apple To Release A 9.7-Inch IPad Pro 2 – ValueWalk
After frequent rumors that Apple would release an iPad Air 3 before the end of the year, the latest murmurings on the subject suggest that the consumer electronics giant has caught us completely off-guard with its next generation tablet. Instead of updating its iPad range, it seems that Apple will instead release a successor to the iPad Pro aka iPad Pro 2.
Apple iPad Pro 9.7-inch release date, price, specs and
New iPad Pro 9.7-inch release date. Apple announced the new, smaller iPad Pro at its 21 March event and it will be released at the end of the month. That includes the Apple Pencil, the company
iPad Air 3 10.5-inch, 2019 release – full tech specs and
What iPad Air 3 also borrows from iPad Pro 2017 is the integration with both the Apple Pencil and Smart Keyboard. However, after the launch of iPad 10.2 (2019) , it’s not the most affordable way to enhance the working environment with the original Apple stylus and keyboard.
Apple will reportedly release new iPhone and iPad Air 3 on
Apple’s planning to release the upcoming iPhone 5se and iPad Air 3 on March 18th, according to 9to5Mac. If accurate, that would come just three days after the rumored March 15th press event
iOS 9.3 – Release notes – Notes from MWhite
iOS 9.3 – Release notes. Michael White Apple . . 6 Minutes. I will update this after I have updated a few devices. You can find the security information on this release here. Here is a third-party article on the update. Here is a summary type article of all of the announcements by Apple yesterday (3/21/16).
SketchUp for iPad is now out of beta | CG Channel
Scroll down for news of the stable release. Trimble has released SketchUp for iPad, the mobile edition of its architectural modelling software , in beta . The new edition will enable users to design on an iPad using gesture controls or the Apple Pencil stylus, and will feature “innovative capabilities [like] Autoshape [and] Markup Mode”.
iPad Air 3 Rumor Review: Apple slims the iPad Pro down for
Apple is once again poised to retain the tablet crown by introducing the iPad Air 3, which is largely believed to be the iPad Pro in a hands-friendly 9.7-inch format. There’s a pretty good chance of this happening just two weeks from now on, so let’s have a look at all the intel we’ve gathered on the new iPad
iPad Mini 2019: Release Date, Specs, Price, and Apple
The announcement took place with less fanfare than is characteristic for Apple, taking the form of a press release and a tweet from CEO Tim Cook, who shared a photo of him showing off the new Apple Pencil integration, which Apple says is now supported on both of the newest models, the 10.5-Inch iPad Air and the new 7.9 inch iPad mini.
2018 iPhone: All The Rumors On Specs, Price, Release Date
Likely: September 2018 announcement and release date. Apple hasn’t officially announced when we’ll see the next phone. But the timing for this annual ritual has now hardened into a reliable tradition.